Here in this post, we going to learn about the various types of sentences with their definition and examples.
As you know, a sentence is a group of words that have a complete meaning. The first letter of the word at the beginning of the sentence is always capitalized and a punctuation mark (full stop, question mark, exclamatory mark) comes at the end of the sentence.
This sentence has been divided into different parts as per its structure and uses in day-to-day life.
Also read: What is a sentence?
Types of Sentences
Sentences are divided into 4 types according to their usage in daily life. These are declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory.
1. Declarative Sentence
A sentence that expresses an opinion or simply makes a statement is called a declarative sentence. When a sentence expresses some kind of fact, information, observation, or opinion, then that sentence is called a declarative sentence.
A declarative sentence is also known as an assertive sentence. The sentence ends in a full stop.
Some examples of declarative sentences:
I am a student.
The earth is called a blue planet.
I am your teacher.
You are my student.
2. Interrogative Sentence
A sentence that shows a question is called an interrogative sentence. It usually begins with who, why, how, what, when, where, and what and ends with a question mark (?).
When you need any kind of information or things, you make requests through interrogative sentences. The interrogative sentence always requires an answer.
What is your name?
Do you like the movie?
Where are going?
Will you come with me?
Do you like ice cream?
3. Imperative Sentence
The sentences which are used to make a request, issue a command, give an instruction, or offer advice are called imperative sentences. These sentences are sometimes referred to as directions because they provide direction to whoever is being addressed.
Give respect to your parents. (advice)
Open your book. (instruction)
Don’t shoot! (command)
Give me a glass of water, please! (request)
An imperative sentence usually ends with a period (full stop) but can occasionally end with an exclamation point (!).
Give me a glass of water, please!
An exclamation mark is used at the end of the sentence.
Give respect to your parents.
A full stop is used at the end of the sentence.
4. Exclamatory Sentence
A sentence that expresses a strong emotion such as surprise, shock, or sudden feeling is called an exclamatory sentence. It is just like the assertive sentence but it shows excitement. The exclamatory sentence always ends with an exclamation mark (!).
What a beautiful photograph!
How beautiful you are!
What a nice car you have!
We won the game!
Ohh, my God!
What a movie it was!
There are also 4 types per sentence composition. These are simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.
1. Simple Sentence
The simple sentence has only one independent clause containing a subject and a verb. What is an independent clause? A clause that does not require any else clause to give a complete meaning is called an independent clause. The independent clause is also called a simple sentence.
I am a shopkeeper.
Here “I” is a subject, and “am” is a verb. The sentence gives a complete meaning.
Some more examples are mentioned below:
I saw a horror movie yesterday.
Shyam is reading poetry.
Rashmi Loves Ice cream.
Children are playing in the garden.
We went to a party last night.
Earth is rotating.
2. Compound Sentence
A compound sentence is made up of the combination of two (or more) independent clauses. Both clauses are connected with a coordinating conjunction. The coordinating conjunctions are for, but, and, nor, or, yet.
I am writing. My brother is eating.
These two sentences are two independent clauses or you can say both are two simple sentences. If you combine them, the new sentence will be:
I am writing, and my brother is eating.
Here both sentences are combined with the coordinating conjunction “and” and a comma placed before it.
The compound sentence is also can be combined with a semi-colon (;).
I am writing; my brother is eating.
To understand better, here are some examples of compound sentences.
Virat Kohli batted very well, but India lost the match.
You can take the bus or you can stop here.
There is no one here, but we can go ahead and start without them.
I’m in a lot of trouble; I hope you will help me.
3. Complex Sentence
A complex sentence is a sentence that has one independent clause and one (or more) dependent clause. A dependent clause never has a complete meaning. It completely depends on an independent clause. It forms complex sentences with the help of independent clauses.
While I was leaving, an accident happened.
Here “While I was leaving” is the dependent clause and it has no complete meaning. After adding an independent clause “an accident happened”, it makes a complete sentence.
4. Compound-Complex Sentence
A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that has one (or more) independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.
My pen ran out of ink when I was writing yesterday, but I had a new pen.
Here, the first clause “My pen ran out of ink” is an independent clause, and “when I was writing yesterday” is a dependent clause, then there is coordinating conjunction “but”, and the independent clause “I had a new pen.
There are some sentences that are just one word but it has full meaning.
(When you call a boy named Ram.)
(It is a lonely word, but it expresses surprise.)
Some more examples: